The basic function of the concentration camps during wartime was killing the people imprisoned there. The unacceptable conditions deliberately created in the camps (starvation, murderous labor, woefully inadequate housing, insufficient clothing, and the lack of medical care) caused the mass death of prisoners. With time, however, it became clear that unacceptable conditions alone did not ensure a satisfactory turnover of prisoners. As a result, direct methods of killing were applied: executions, lethal injections, and gas chambers.
Form: lecture, illustrated with documents and photos
Audiences: Museum guides, intermediate- and secondary-school students, university students, teachers, educators.
Languages: Polish, English
Lecturer: Franciszek Piper, Ph.D.Illustration: Crematorium and gas chamber 3 in Birkenau